1997 - 2004 - Institute of Government, Tennessee State University. Ph.D. in Public Administration. Dissertation-"Breaking the Cycle of Poverty: The Effect of Mixed-Income Neighborhoods on the Poor."
1986 - School of Theology, Anderson University. MA in Pastoral Ministry.
1973 - College of Social Work, University of Tennessee. Direct Practice.
1971 - Anderson University. B.S. in Sociology.